, with men more commonly affected than women.
These findings are based on data from 7,000 healthy and symptomatic individuals who underwent liver screening in the last one year at NURA Health Screening Centre.
High Rates of Visceral Fat and Fatty Liver in India
Dr. Tausif Ahmed Thangalvadi, Medical Director, NURA, said: “Such high prevalence of visceral fat obesity and fatty liver among otherwise healthy and asymptomatic people is striking. What is even more alarming is that fatty liver was noted across all age groups, with detection in people even as young as 25 years of age. Among those who had fatty liver, nearly 2-3 percent also had associated minimal liver injury.”
According to the doctor, certain characteristics put individuals at a higher risk of developing liver diseases, including heavy alcohol consumption, obesity, Type 2 diabetes, chronic viral hepatitis, exposure to hepatotoxic substances, and a family history of liver diseases.
Liver diseases are a growing concern in India, with a significant burden of morbidity and mortality. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), liver diseases are the tenth leading cause of death in India, accounting for 2.4 percent of all deaths.
The incidence of liver diseases is estimated to be around 10-15 percent of the population, with a higher prevalence in rural areas.
The most common types of liver diseases in the country include Viral Hepatitis, Alcoholic Liver Disease, and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD). Regarding viral Hepatitis, while A and E are food-borne and relatively harmless, B, C, and D are blood-borne and can lead to liver failure and liver cancer.
According to the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), the prevalence of hepatitis B and C in India is estimated to be 4-5 percent and 1-2 percent, respectively.
Thangalvadi said: “Early identification of liver diseases is crucial for effective management. Fortunately, the liver is a very strong organ that can handle minor injuries by itself. The symptoms arise only after a certain amount of damage has occurred which suggests that liver symptoms should always be taken seriously. Some of the earliest symptoms are fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, and vomiting. The other common symptoms of liver disease as it progresses are jaundice, pain in the abdomen, swelling in the legs and abdomen, dark urine, and pale stool.”
Alarming Rates of Visceral Fat and Fatty Liver in India
Dr. Vikram J Rao, Speciality- Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery and GI Oncology, Belenus Champion Hospital -Sarjapur Road, Bengaluru, said: “In the last century, knowledge about liver regeneration has rapidly evolved from a truly mythical black box event into a growing understanding of the pathways involved in this amazing complex multistep process.
Today, liver surgery is routinely and safely accomplished for malignant and benign diseases. This substantial progress in both resection and transplantation relies on the ability of the liver to regain most of its functional mass within two weeks.
Many tumors that were previously considered to be unresectable are now amenable to complete resection through induction chemotherapy and innovative treatment strategies to increase liver remnant volume, Dr. Vikram Rao said.
Because of the increased success of liver surgery, more patients with underlying liver disease are now considered suitable candidates for liver resection.
One of the landmark advances in liver transplantation is the ability to use segmental liver grafts obtained from either a deceased donor or a living donor. In the latter situation, the success of the procedure relies on relatively rapid hepatic regeneration in both donor and recipient, he explains.
New challenges lie ahead in the use of therapeutic strategies to enhance liver regeneration in patients in whom normal regeneration fails and thus push the possibilities of liver resection to the next level, Rao stated.
We all want to be satisfied, even though we know some people who will never be that way, and others who see satisfaction as a foreign emotion that they can’t hope to ever feel.
Peace and happiness can be difficult to catch. Finding the right balance that lets us get to all of the different goals that we have in place is not always as easy as we would like.
Leave a Reply